Digital Citizenship – Reference List

Boyle, J. 2014. 11 Tips for Students to Manage Their Digital Footprints.  Teach Thought. 08 March 2014 [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 05 May 2017].

Burnham, K. 2016. 6 Ways to reduce Your Digital Footprint. The Parallax. 15 June 2016 [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 05 May 2017]. 2017. Computer. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 05 May 2017].

Ferber, S. 2013. How the Internet of Things Changes Everything. Harvard Business Review. 07 May 2013 [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 05 May 2017].

Hern, A. 2015. Facebook Launches Aquila Solar-powered drone for internet access. The Guardian. 31 July 2015 [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 05 May 2017].

Independent Institute of Education. 2017. Digital Citizenship Student Manual. DIGC5110 Digital Citizenship. Gauteng. Advitech.

Mutual Gain. 2017. Image. [Online]. Available at:  [Accessed 05 May 2017].

Ribble, M. 2017. Nine Elements. Digital Citizenship. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 05 May 2017].

Stats SA. 2011. City of Johannesburg. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 05 May 2017]

The Parallax. 2016. Art by Pinguino Kolb. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 05 May 2017].



Thanks also to Alan, Jessica, Benji, Josh, JJ, Julia, Andrea, and last but not least, Vincent for helping me with my video.


Digital Citizenship Assignment – Question 5

Question 5

Digital Rights and Responsibilities


There has been an exponential increase in the usage of smart phones in the last decade. Some students now use smart phones to cheat on tests and assignments. Develop an Acceptable Use Policy concerning the use of smart phones for the Independent Institute of Education to be implemented at the various campuses.


Students may not download illegally or torrent anything on campus.

Students must take responsibility that their phones are kept in safe and secure places. The campus and varsity cannot be held responsible for loss or theft.

Phones must be switched off and out of reach during tests and exams.

Students may not take videos or photos of anyone on campus without the subjects express permission.

Students may not use their cellular devices to disturb the learning of other students on campus.


*****All references will be in the sixth post.

Digital Citizenship Assignment – Question 4

Question 4

Digital Etiquette


Use your cell phone to create a short video for tertiary students on the importance of netiquette and why it is important. Discuss the role it plays in all aspects of our lives. Upload the video on to your blog.
Hint: cover Virginia Shea’s netiquette guidelines and examples of bad etiquette.


Unfortunately my video would not upload here, so here is a link to the site.


****All references will be in the sixth post

Digital Citizenship Assignment – Question 3

Question 3

Digital Communication


Discuss the Internet of Things and how it will affect businesses in South Africa. Identify a sector in the industry and detail how it will be impacted.
Hint: Be very creative, take a moment and traverse into the future to envisage how life will evolve when everything becomes connected.


The internet of things is the connecting of not only people but physical objects as well. The sector I have chosen in the business industry is the book trade, more specifically retail stores. If all stores are connected and all books are logged into the system, a person could walk into the store, their devices could be picked up by the store, and they could then choose a book or two and just walk out. And the store would deduct the money from their devices which would be linked to their bank accounts. In the case of finding a book, a person could walk up to a desk speak the title or author they’re looking for and then the computer can link to the bookshelf and push the book forward. And if you want to keep the store open for 24 hours without the threat of theft, if a person walks out without paying for a book an alarm could go off and their picture could be sent to a security guard on duty. And as soon as a book is out of stock, the store would send notification to the owner or person who works at the store. In my scenario the Internet of Things would make buying a book a bit more efficient but it would take away the human aspect of book stores. I.e. being able to ask a bookseller for a recommendation.


***All references will be in the sixth post.

Digital Citizenship Assignment – Question 2

Question 2

Digital Literacy

Unemployment between the ages of 15 and 24 has reached a staggering 71 million (ILO, 2016). Solution fluency is a guided problem solving framework that consists of six D’s. Use the solution fluency process to solve unemployment problems in your area. Provide a brief background of your area and how you intend to tackle this problem.


As our lecturer has told us that we shouldn’t use the areas we live in, I chose to base this question on Johannesburg.

Define: The youth unemployment is at a rate of 31.5% I need to figure out how to change this.

Discover: Poverty is definitely a factor effecting Johannesburg. Lack of a job creates lack of funds, which creates a lack of means to find a job, which means no job. It is an endless cycles.

Dream: To create class for people between the ages of 15 and 24 to teach them digital literacy. And if they can’t get there I will provide the means of transportation in the form of taxi’s and busses.

Design: I will ask companies for sponsorships and financial backing, (presenting it to the companies as corporate social responsibility). I will also try to get sponsorships from transportation companies in the form of transport. I will try to get the community at large to donate computers.

Deliver: I will make use of community centres to set up the classes. I will hire teachers on a pro bono basis to teach the digital literacy classes.

Debrief: It will take me a really long time to proceed with these plans. But I think the end will result in more youth being able to sufficiently find jobs and apply the skills they learn.


Digital footprints can be construed as trails that digital citizens leave online. Do you think that digital footprints could become a problem? Discuss.


Everything we do online leaves a footprint. Which means, even if we delete our pictures and information, someone somewhere will be able to find it. “Someone may have already accessed it, viewed it and saved it”. (IIE, 2015) Meaning one’s privacy is being violated. Anyone could gain access to your email address, and if you were tagged at your home at any point in time, anyone would be able to find you. People can find out anything about, at the click of a button, if you at some point in your life, put that information online.


Provide a few tips on how one can manage their digital footprint?


Google yourself. (Let’s see what everyone else can see.)

Check your privacy settings on all your sites. (Make sure not everyone can see where you’ve been and what you’ve been doing.)

Unsubscribe from mailing lists. (That way less people will have your name and email address.)

Think before you post. (That drunken photo from last week isn’t going to look good to your potential employers.)

Keep a list of the social media site you’re on. (Sometimes we forget about the ones we don’t often use.)




**All references will be in the sixth post.

Digital Citizenship Assignment – Question 1

The following few posts will be for my assignment. Each post will be linked to a question.


Question 1

Digital Access and Divide.

Ribble (2011) identifies nine elements that make up digital citizenship, encompassing the issue of the use, abuse and misuse of technology. Briefly discuss these nine elements.

Digital Access

Not everyone has access to technology. ‘Digital segregation’ makes it very difficult for society to grow and change. No one should be denied digital access. The more people who have access to technology, the quicker society will grow.


Digital Commerce

People buy and sell things online all the time, whether it is a something small, to a car, to having an entire business online. You can even have a business online that sells other peoples belongings. It is an electronic marketplace. And as with any market place, there are laws and legalities that must be adhered to.


Digital Communication

Communication is an exchange of information. It is a sharing of a message with a particular meaning, through a medium, for feedback. Digital communication follows the same line, except it is electronic and the medium you use is the device you’re using to send said message.


Digital Literacy

This is the use of, and understanding of, anything technological. It is important to have the skills to use technology to further education and career opportunities. (IIE, 2015).


Digital Etiquette (Netiquette)

As there is etiquette at the dinner table and in the work place, there is also etiquette online, otherwise known as ‘Netiquette’. It is an online set of rules we must follow to “guide us in our behaviour”. E.g. don’t send a work colleague a naked picture of yourself. Don’t type a sentence in all capital letters. Don’t send a ‘wink’ face to your lecturer. The list goes on.


Digital Law

Digital law is the standard of ethics by which we identify our responsibilities. There are laws for everything. E.g. it is illegal to download pirated music or movies and with good reason. If we watch a movie that we didn’t pay for, someone who worked on that movie is losing out on hard earned money.


Digital Rights and Responsibilities

Every digital citizen has the right to their privacy and the responsibility of keeping their information to themselves.


Digital Health and Wellness

Internet addiction is real. People must limit themselves to avoid addiction. People must also limit themselves to avoid repetitive stress syndrome or damage to the eyesight.


Digital Security

We live behind walls and fences and lock our doors at night, all so we can protect what is ours. We must do the same for our technology as well. Firewalls and anti-virus software, surge protectors and backups are all ways we can protect our information and our technologies.


Facebook in a quest to mitigate the effects of infrastructure and the digital divide have launched Project Aquila. The problem of infrastructure is prevalent in Africa. Discuss the implication of all the different forms of the digital divide.

Project Aquila is a solar powered droid meant to provide internet access to remote parts of the globe. If Project Aquila were to actually perform the way Mark Zuckerberg has said it will, and if they can get all internet service providers to join the mission and provide use of their towers, I think it would work. Developing countries could compete with developed countries. It would be free, meaning more and more people would be able to use it but it would make other companies, like Telkom, obsolete (unless they did a joint effort). I honestly don’t think the gender gap would change, for that to change we would first have to change the thoughts and beliefs of most cultures (allowing woman the freedom to do what they please). The content divide would probably grow, especially in Africa as there are a lot more people who don’t speak or read English, unless there could be a way to translate any web page into a language of your choice. (Similar to what Facebook has done (but with more choice)). I know google has an option to change the language but they would need to broaden the choices. And project Aquila would be great if Zuckerberg could provide computing devices to those who do not have any, because free access to internet would be pointless without a device to use it.


Organisations such as Facebook, Airbnb and Uber have harnessed social capital to grow their market shares and become major disruptive forces in their industries. Define and explain how a digital citizen can build and enhance social capital.

Social capital, according to (2017), is described as “interpersonal relationships, institutions and other social assets of a society or group that can be used to gain advantage.” In the case of Facebook, Airbnb and Uber, they have enhanced their social capital by getting more people to share their experiences each day, whether good or bad, and more people are learning about these different sites and companies, which means more people will be using them. They provide a service and in return they get talked about and tweeted about; people share experiences on Facebook and in blogs; people put up pictures on Instagram and Pinterest. As a digital citizen, if I wanted to increase my social capital I would make friends, share more pictures, link different sites to people who I thought could benefit from it, and then more people would see my name and link it to a service that I offered.


IMG_3584-300x300(Mutual Gain, 2017)


Create a LinkedIn account and subscribe to two at least 2 groups that are relevant to your field of study. Add a link of your profile to your blog.




*All references will be in the sixth post.


It’s a bit ICE-Y out there

All right, I’m pretty sure only the people who go to my college would understand that particularly bad pun.

Today’s post is an ICE task. It counts towards my end of semester mark for work handed in and tasks completed.

We had to do research on Cyberbullying and make an advert for it.

This is what I came up with:


It’s not very good, but hey, I don’t get paid for pictures… (I don’t get paid for anything actually…..)

All my references are in my picture.


Keep it real.


The Dreaded College Task

In the previous post, I mentioned that I was doing this for a college assessment. I didn’t? Oh, well… Now you know. Everything I do in this blog is for my Digital Citizenship portfolio.

Anyway. Back to my topic/s of today. I have once again been given a few questions to answer, and I will be answering them in this post.

The first question was was labelled ‘Language Style’. I have to write a tweet, facebook status, sms to my grandma and an email to my lecturer, about how my weekend is going.

I took the liberty of actually posting on my sites. I use the same style for both facebook and twitter.

The sms to my grandmother will be sad because, well, she’s dead. And it is very informal anyway because I was very close to my grandmother. “Grandma, I had the most epic weekend. I really wish you were here so that we could talk about it.”

The email to my lecturer:

“Dear ‘insert name here’

This weekend has been a rather busy weekend for me and I haven’t had the chance to complete the assignment. would it be possible if you could give me an extension?

Best Regards

‘Insert student name here’

‘Insert student ID here'”

(I might actually have to send an email similar to that, because my internet is giving me issues… Sigh.)


That was question 1.

This is question 2.

All right. So my internet is not allowing me to play the videos attached to the question, (cries silently), so I will have to finish this post at a later stage. (Or in my case I will edit the post tomorrow.)


For now.

Keep it real.


This is my first blog post (Not really)

All right then.

In my college we have a module called Digital Citizenship. It’s a really interesting module on what to do and not do on the internet, and how the internet affects us, and so on.

For this particular module, I have been given a question to answer. (The first of many, I assure you).

We were given a video to watch. Look Up By Gary Turk

(It is a very powerful video, with a very powerful message.)

We were then asked to answer the following question: “Filter out the ‘noise’ in the video and explain what is really being said.”

This is what I have to say:

The Message

We need to basically ‘wake up and smell the roses’. If we keep looking down (at our phones) life will literally pass us by and we will miss so many great experiences.


The Medium

The gentleman speaker is using words to get his message across, poetry to be exact, and he is showing us with this video what could and could not happen if we let life pass us by.


The Form

The video flows, never stopping and never pausing. It’s fluid, happening so quickly, just like life.


How It All Fits Together

First let me talk about the target audience… Everyone. This video, the message, speaks to the masses, and it is a powerful message that everyone should adhere to. People will listen to the message because it talks of love and happiness, it talks of loneliness and being empty. people will react to that.


Annnyway. That is the end of my little blog post for today.

Credit for the video goes to Gary Turk Films:

Credit for the question goes to Varsity College:

Keep it real.