Digital Citizenship Assignment – Question 1

The following few posts will be for my assignment. Each post will be linked to a question.

 

Question 1

Digital Access and Divide.

Q.1.1
Ribble (2011) identifies nine elements that make up digital citizenship, encompassing the issue of the use, abuse and misuse of technology. Briefly discuss these nine elements.

Digital Access

Not everyone has access to technology. ‘Digital segregation’ makes it very difficult for society to grow and change. No one should be denied digital access. The more people who have access to technology, the quicker society will grow.

 

Digital Commerce

People buy and sell things online all the time, whether it is a something small, to a car, to having an entire business online. You can even have a business online that sells other peoples belongings. It is an electronic marketplace. And as with any market place, there are laws and legalities that must be adhered to.

 

Digital Communication

Communication is an exchange of information. It is a sharing of a message with a particular meaning, through a medium, for feedback. Digital communication follows the same line, except it is electronic and the medium you use is the device you’re using to send said message.

 

Digital Literacy

This is the use of, and understanding of, anything technological. It is important to have the skills to use technology to further education and career opportunities. (IIE, 2015).

 

Digital Etiquette (Netiquette)

As there is etiquette at the dinner table and in the work place, there is also etiquette online, otherwise known as ‘Netiquette’. It is an online set of rules we must follow to “guide us in our behaviour”. E.g. don’t send a work colleague a naked picture of yourself. Don’t type a sentence in all capital letters. Don’t send a ‘wink’ face to your lecturer. The list goes on.

 

Digital Law

Digital law is the standard of ethics by which we identify our responsibilities. There are laws for everything. E.g. it is illegal to download pirated music or movies and with good reason. If we watch a movie that we didn’t pay for, someone who worked on that movie is losing out on hard earned money.

 

Digital Rights and Responsibilities

Every digital citizen has the right to their privacy and the responsibility of keeping their information to themselves.

 

Digital Health and Wellness

Internet addiction is real. People must limit themselves to avoid addiction. People must also limit themselves to avoid repetitive stress syndrome or damage to the eyesight.

 

Digital Security

We live behind walls and fences and lock our doors at night, all so we can protect what is ours. We must do the same for our technology as well. Firewalls and anti-virus software, surge protectors and backups are all ways we can protect our information and our technologies.

 

Q.1.2
Facebook in a quest to mitigate the effects of infrastructure and the digital divide have launched Project Aquila. The problem of infrastructure is prevalent in Africa. Discuss the implication of all the different forms of the digital divide.

Project Aquila is a solar powered droid meant to provide internet access to remote parts of the globe. If Project Aquila were to actually perform the way Mark Zuckerberg has said it will, and if they can get all internet service providers to join the mission and provide use of their towers, I think it would work. Developing countries could compete with developed countries. It would be free, meaning more and more people would be able to use it but it would make other companies, like Telkom, obsolete (unless they did a joint effort). I honestly don’t think the gender gap would change, for that to change we would first have to change the thoughts and beliefs of most cultures (allowing woman the freedom to do what they please). The content divide would probably grow, especially in Africa as there are a lot more people who don’t speak or read English, unless there could be a way to translate any web page into a language of your choice. (Similar to what Facebook has done (but with more choice)). I know google has an option to change the language but they would need to broaden the choices. And project Aquila would be great if Zuckerberg could provide computing devices to those who do not have any, because free access to internet would be pointless without a device to use it.

 

Q.1.3
Organisations such as Facebook, Airbnb and Uber have harnessed social capital to grow their market shares and become major disruptive forces in their industries. Define and explain how a digital citizen can build and enhance social capital.

Social capital, according to dictionary.com (2017), is described as “interpersonal relationships, institutions and other social assets of a society or group that can be used to gain advantage.” In the case of Facebook, Airbnb and Uber, they have enhanced their social capital by getting more people to share their experiences each day, whether good or bad, and more people are learning about these different sites and companies, which means more people will be using them. They provide a service and in return they get talked about and tweeted about; people share experiences on Facebook and in blogs; people put up pictures on Instagram and Pinterest. As a digital citizen, if I wanted to increase my social capital I would make friends, share more pictures, link different sites to people who I thought could benefit from it, and then more people would see my name and link it to a service that I offered.

 

IMG_3584-300x300(Mutual Gain, 2017)

 

Q.1.4
Create a LinkedIn account and subscribe to two at least 2 groups that are relevant to your field of study. Add a link of your profile to your blog.

https://www.linkedin.com/in/kelly-jade-stock-257b94a7

 

Capture

 

*All references will be in the sixth post.

 

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